Quarterly Report about the Human Rights situation in Burma from ND-Burma bulletins (1st July – 30th September 2009)
This report details;
- The number of bulletins ND Burma has received during this period.
- The type of information sent by organizations (to avoid creating an overlap of bulletins among ND Burma members)
- The type of violations, committed by SPDC troops during this period.
- The place where the violations occurred.
- The dates when violations are occurring.
- Information that may support an advocacy purpose (e.g. analyzing ND-Burma bulletins to look at the type and extent of taxation in Burma.)
From 1st July through to 30th September, ND-Burma collected 89 cases of Human Rights violations committed by the SPDC and inputted them into Martus software. The violations recorded contained the following categories;
- Arbitrary/ illegal arrest/ detention (12 cases)
- Arbitrary Taxation (38 cases)
- Confiscation/ destruction of property (9 cases)
- Disappearances (1 case)
- Forced labor (15 cases)
- Forced Prostitution (2 cases)
- Forced Relocation (2 cases)
- Human Trafficking (11 cases)
- Killings (4 cases)
- Obstruction of freedom of movement (10 cases)
- Obstruction of freedom of expression/ Assembly (9 cases)
- Other sexual violence (6 cases)
- Rape (7 cases)
- Torture, Inhumane or degrading treatment(14 cases)
- Use of Child Soldiers (5 cases)
These violations occurred in Rangoon division, Mandalay division, Magwey division, Irrawaddy division, Pegu division , Tenasserim division, Karen state, Kayah (Karenni) state, Kachin state, Rakhaing (Arakan) state, Mon state and Chin state.
Note: One bulletin may include more than one category. The information documented by ND-Burma does not cover the whole Human Rights situation in Burma. Arbitrary Taxation is the most recorded violation, this is in part due to the fact that ND-Burma is currently focusing on collecting these violations for a report.
Number of Human Rights violations by State and Division
|States and Divi- sions||Arbi- trary Arrest/ Deten- tion||Arbi- trary Taxa- tion||Confis- cation/ Destruc- tion of Property||Disapp- earance||Forced Labour||Forced Prosti-tution||Forced Relo- cation||Human Traffic- king||Killings||Obstruc- tion of Freedom of Move- ment||Obstruc- tion of Free- dom of Expres- sion/ Assem- bly||Other Sexual Viol- ence||Rape||Torture, Inhu- mane or degra- ding treat- ment||Use of Child Soldier|
|Ran- goon Division||6||1||5||4||1||2|
|Man- dalay Division||1||1||1||2|
|Irra- waddy Division||1||1||1|
|Tena- sserim Division||13||4||6||1||2||4|
|Kayah (Karenni State)||2||2||1||1|
|Rakhaing (Arakan) State||6||1||1||1||1|
The following example of Human Rights violation is taken from an interview with a witness, recorded on the ND-Burma database.
[blockquote]During an SPDC offensive against the Mon insurgent group, Rehmonnya, several women in Magyi village, Ye township were raped by soldiers. The Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM), a ND-Burma member organization, field worker was able to interview a person who witnessed the assaults on August 8th 2009.
“At about 11:00 am on August 8, when I went to the southern part of the sea to find some turtle eggs, I saw 3 young girls raped by 5 soldiers on a farm. The 3 young girls screamed for help, but no one was around. The 3 girls are around 20 to 25 [years old]. One girl was [gang] raped by 3 soldiers and the other 2 were raped once. I needed to hide in a bush because I had to make sure the soldiers did not see me. If they had seen me – I strongly can say they would have shot me. When they finished raping the girls the soldiers left. I think those solders were from the Navy troops that are based in A Daik village, Yebyu Township”.
Note: Mawyawaddy Navy Headquarter is operated by Major Khin Maung Oo. This incident occurred at a time when the navy troop was temporarily based near Magyi village, Khawza sub-township, Southern part of Ye township, Mon State. [/blockquote]
When did the violations occur?
|1||Jan, Feb, Apr, May, June, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct.||2009||59|
|2||Jan, Feb, May, June, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec.||2008||22|
|3||Jan, Mar, May, Dec.||2007||6|
Source. All the organizations that created the bulletins for this period used their own sources (primary sources, i.e. they interviewed victims and witnesses) and secondary sources as Narinjara, DVB, Kaladan News, RFA , Khonumthung News and Yoma 3.